Intelligence is most widely studied in humans, but has also been observed in non-human animals and in plants. Artificial intelligence is intelligence in machines. (i.e., software)
Within the discipline of psychology, various approaches to human intelligence have been adopted. The psychometric approach is especially familiar to the general public, as well as being the most researched and by far the most widely used in practical settings.
History of the term
Intelligence derives from the Latin verb intelligere, to comprehend or perceive. A form of this verb, intellectus, became the medieval technical term for understanding, and a translation for the Greek philosophical term nous. This term was however strongly linked to the metaphysical and cosmological theories of teleologicalscholasticism, including theories of the immortality of the soul, and the concept of the Active Intellect (also known as the Active Intelligence). This entire approach to the study of nature was strongly rejected by the early modern philosophers such as Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and David Hume, all of whom preferred the word "understanding" in their English philosophical works. Hobbes for example, in his Latin De Corpore, used "intellectus intelligit" (translated in the English version as "the understanding understandeth") as a typical example of a logical absurdity. The term "intelligence" has therefore become less common in English language philosophy, but it has later been taken up (with the scholastic theories which it now implies) in more contemporary psychology.
Maritime is an album by Minotaur Shock, released in 2005 via 4AD. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalised rating out of 100to reviews from mainstream critics, Maritime received an average score of 76, based on 15reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
"Muesli" – 3:06
"(She's In) Dry Dock Now" – 3:56
"Vigo Bay" – 4:22
"Six Foolish Fishermen" – 3:54
"Hilly" – 6:33
"Twosley" – 4:05
"Somebody Once Told Me It Existed But They Never Found It" – 6:00
Maritime is an American indie pop band formed in 2003 after the breakup of The Promise Ring and The Dismemberment Plan. Eric Axelson (bass guitarist) of The Dismemberment Plan and Davey von Bohlen (singer/guitarist) and Dan Didier (drummer) of The Promise Ring started a band called In English. The group quickly signed a deal with the record label ANTI- and hired J. Robbins to produce their record. Robbins had previously produced records for both The Promise Ring and The Dismemberment Plan. After delivering the record to ANTI-, the company decided it did not want the record. The band changed its name to Maritime and signed with DeSoto Records. The band went on tour and self-released an EP called Adios on their own label, Foreign Leisure. On April 1, 2004, the band released its first full-length album, Glass Floor on DeSoto Records.
On February 6, 2006, Axelson announced that he was leaving the band. He was replaced on bass guitar by Justin Klug.
Their second album, We, the Vehicles, was released on April 18, 2006, on Flameshovel Records to wide critical acclaim.